John 13 Notes

  • Overview
    • Chapter 13 addresses conversations & attitudes present at the Last Supper. I find it significant that the first verse initiates the Easter story (death, resurrection, ascension).
    • Don’t forget the question: Who is Jesus?

 

  • Foot Washing (vv. 1 – 11)
    • Jesus’ “hour” is the beginning of the end
      • The end of Jesus’ earthly ministry signals the beginning of his salvific act
        • “loved them to the end” of human existence?
        • “loved them to the end” when he returns?
      • Judas will betray Jesus because of what the devil has placed in his heart
        • How does the devil get access to Judas’ heart?
        • How does the devil get access to YOUR heart?
      • Jesus recognizes who he is…why he has come…and to whom he will return! DO YOU? J
      • Foot Washing 101
        • Removal of his clothes same in Greek as “laying down his life”
          • Jesus is about to offer the ultimate act of service!
        • Purpose
          • Hygiene
          • Hospitality
          • Worship
        • Jesus is both servant & host
      • Peter speaks for the Disciples, but like the Disciples does not fully understand the significance of the act
        • Peter cannot comprehend Jesus as “Servant”
          • When will Peter and the Apostles finally “get it”?
          • Have YOU “got it”?
        • Peter & the Disciples cannot “share” with Jesus until
          • They have participated in an act(ion) that makes them one with Jesus
        • Peter’s desire for full washing places power in the water…not in Jesus!
      • Significance of vv. 10-11?
    • Missional Moment! (vv. 12 – 20)
      • Foot washing is an act
        • Humility
        • Service
        • Intimacy
      • Jesus teaches them/us that if He is willing to humble himself to serve in this most intimate or loving of acts…SO SHOULD WE!
        • Jesus offers the “model”
          • We “servants” are not greater than our “Master”!
        • Jesus predicts betrayal (v. 18-19)
          • Betrayal will not come from a “stranger”, but rather from someone with whom he has broken bread
          • Jesus knows (and controls) the events that are about to transpire
            • What is about to happen…must happen…in the manner in which it happens…for his followers to “get it”
          • Significance of v. 20

 

*This pericope of Scripture is particularly significant to me, because it “speaks” directly to one of the ills I believe is sickening the Church.  We, “Christians” know what Jesus said, but too many of us are unwilling to listen!  We, “Christians,” know what Jesus did, but too many of us are unwilling to act!  How many of us “Christians” have, are and will betray Jesus when we know better?  If it is true that we “Christians” are truly the body of Christ (or the Church) then far too many of us have forgotten we are here to serve ALL, and not some, of God’s children…not be served!

 

  • Prophecy! (vv. 21 – 30)
    • Jesus is “troubled” by the betrayal…act and actor!
    • Disciples wonder “Is it I?”
    • Peter desires particulars…Jesus provides them…Peter (and the Disciples) still do not “get it”
      • Interesting that the question is asked by the disciple “whom Jesus loved”
      • Also interesting the Greek has the “beloved” Disciple laying in the bosom of Jesus
    • More interesting stuff
      • Even though Jesus knows Judas will betray him, he still offers him food (or fellowship)! Would YOU?
      • The demonic possession of Judas occurs only after Jesus allows it
    • Disciples do not understand the interaction between Jesus and Judas…should they?
    • After taking the bread Judas departs into the night
      • If the “light overcomes the darkness”, does Judas’ actions mean he prefers to function in a place where he cannot be victorious?
    • Is It Love or Infatuation? (vv. 31 – 38)
      • A New Commandment…”love one another”
        • In Judas’ act of betrayal Jesus is glorified…how? (Hint: look at v. 33)
        • It is in the “love” action(s) that we reveal who we serve
          • We are to love like Jesus loves
            • With Humility
            • Serving Others
            • With Compassion

 

*Question: Is this “new” commandment to “love one another” reserved for fellow believers?  Why or why not?

 

  • Peter…Oh Peter!
    • The Disciples are not quite ready to follow Jesus…something has to happen!
    • Peter makes a bold statement
    • Jesus’ Response sets the table for redemption/reconciliation/forgiveness (Hint: look at John 21: 15 – 17)